The president of the Royal Society, Sir Robert Southwell (1635-1702) was recorded in the minutes of a meeting of 13 December, 1693 as stating that his grandfather had ‘brought potatoes into Ireland who had them from Sir Walter Rawleigh after his return from Virginia’. For nearly 150 years, starting in the late 17th century, millions of people living in Ireland subsisted largely off one crop: the potato. (Image: © Photo by Illustrated London News/Hulton Archive/Getty Images) The … please help. 1588 – An Irish legend says that ships of the Spanish Armada, wrecked off the Irish coast in 1588, were carrying potatoes and that some of them washed ashore. Potatoes are very versatile vegetables. It seems probable that Houghton's infor-mation about Raleigh and the potato in Ireland was derived from Southwell's remark. Tasty Tuber: Potatoes are very versatile vegetables. What is Sir Walter Raleigh best known for? The shrubby perennials with edible tubers, grown as cool-weather annuals in rows, raised beds, or containers, are native to the South American Andes. This was especially the case with Ireland. T… did cheesy potatoes come from ireland? In gardening books of the late 1600s, they are spoken of rather slightingly, as "food for poor people", "muched used for bread in Ireland and America" and as "food for swine or cattle". Why did Sir Walter Raleigh become an explorer? Asked by Wiki User. What was Sir Walter Raleigh's childhood like? © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. However, the potato was not a native of Ireland. Bigger is Better Although around St. Patrick’s Day, you would think potatoes all come from Ireland, they are actually American in origin. By 1600, the potato had entered Spain, Italy, Austria, Belgium, Holland, France, Switzerland, England, Germany, Portugal and Ireland. Postal Service. The only problem with potatoes is their susceptibility to disease, the worst of which, Phytophtora infestans, is known more commonly as blight. The potato was first planted by Sir Walter Raleigh on his estate of Youghall, near Cork, and Gough says that it was cultivated in Ireland before its value was recognised in England. The primary reason for its acceptance in Ireland was its ability to produce abundant, nutritious food. From Spain, potatoes slowly spread to Italy and other European countries during the late 1500s. But the use of potatoes gradually spread, as their excellent qualities became better understood. With milk and one-and-a-half acres of planted potatoes, a family could eat for a year in Ireland (Crosby, 1972). By the 1800s, potatoes were a staple in the homes of Irish families. Many things can be made out of them, like fries and hashbrowns. Namely, after Ireland ratified the Acts of Union in 1801, it became part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. On this day in 1586, Sir Thomas Harriot brought the first potato back to Britain from the 'New Found Land of Virginia'. The fields present a space of withered black stalks. It is a member, my informants also tell me, of the Solanaceae family, which includes tomatoes, aubergines and peppers. Did Irish bring potatoes to America? The high yields of potato crops allowed even the poorest farmers to produce healthy food with very little resources. The rate of growth of the fungus depends on temperature; infection from plant to plant requires a film of moisture on the leaf - the longer this film persists, the greater the opportunity for infection. Scientists’ Viewpoint. They were not widely grown for almost a century until 1719, when they were planted in Londonderry, New Hampshire, by Scotch-Irish immigrants, and from there spread across the nation. The 1600s saw the spread of potatoes through Spain, Italy, Belgium, Holland, Switzerland, Austria, France, Germany, Ireland, and Portugal, but people were hesitant to cook with them. 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Potato arrived to Britain in 1585, Belgium and Germany in 1587, Austria in 1588, Ireland in 1589 and France in 1600. From Spain, potatoes slowly spread to Italy and other European countries during the late 1500s. Even John Evelyn seems to have a poor opinion of them. Many people died from hunger because they had no other food to eat. As a staple diet for the native population, it proved to be ideal. Question: When did the potato come to Ireland? 2008-03-09 20:53:44 2008-03-09 20:53:44. As the stalks of Ireland’s potato plants began to wilt in the autumn of 1845, so did her people. What was the Irish potato famine? A million people are said to have died of hunger in Ireland in the late 1840s, on the doorstep of the world's richest nation. Wiki User Answered . Raleigh first came to the attention of Elizabeth I in 1580, when he went to Ireland to help suppress an uprising in Munster. This is known as the Great Irish Famine. NFL rookie cut for sneaking woman into hotel: Report. By mid-August 1845, it had spread to northern France and southern England; it arrived in Ireland in September, with demographic consequences which have shaped our history ever since. The potato, which had become a staple crop in Ireland by the 18th century, was appealing in that it was a hardy, nutritious, and calorie-dense crop and relatively easy to grow in the Irish soil. Sadly, local population of those countries looked at potato as absolutely unneeded, weird, poisonous (only roots of the plant were edible, which was totally unheard off in Europe), and in some cases as downright evil. While there's really no solid answer as to when potatoes came to Ireland, most people agree that it was introduced to the area by explorer Sir Walter... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. Question: When did the potato come to Ireland? Space spuds were grown by NASA and China and tested aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia as early as 1995, making it the first vegetable to be grown outside Earth. Answer. 1589 – Sir Walter Raleigh (1552-1618), British explorer and historian known for his expeditions to the Americas, first brought the potato to Ireland and planted them at his Irish estate at Myrtle Grove, Youghal, near Cork, Ireland. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Irish famine expenditures from local taxes and landlord borrowing was £8.5 million. By the early 1840s almost half the Irish population—but primarily the rural poor—had come to depend almost exclusively on the potato for their diet. Between 1851 and 1921, an estimated 4.5 million Irish left home and headed mainly to the United States. Where did Irish potatoes come from? The Irish Potato Famine, also called the Great Potato Famine, Great Irish Famine or Famine of 1845, was a key event in Irish history. Potatoes were planted in Idaho as early as 1838; by 1900 the state's production exceeded a million bushels (about 27,000 tonnes). He saw potatoes during the 7-year war (1756-1763) when he was captured several times. But the potato, like the Catholic Church, is an import to Eire—potatoes are actually Peruvian, from thousands of years back, and didn't make their way to Irish soil until the late 1600s. Then beginning in 1845 and extending to 1849, the potato crop failed due to disease, and millions of Irish people starved. As the population of Ireland grew, so did the consumption of potatoes (Crosby, 1972). If so, the evidence all turns upon Sir Robert Southwell's ... while a further 10 per cent come from Northern Ireland. Many things can be made out of them, like fries and hashbrowns. 25 26 27. It has been found that the ideal conditions for the spread of the disease are a relative humidity greater than about 90 per cent, and temperature in excess of about 10 C, both occurring simultaneously over an extended period. 1771 – Antoine-Augustin Parmentier (1737-1813), a French military chemist and botanist, won a contest sponsored by the Academy of Besancon to find a food “capable of reducing the calamities of famine” with his study o… Fun Facts About Potatoes Potato Facts: Origins of the Potato. Raleigh did help to make smoking popular at court. The potato is widely thought to have been introduced to Ireland in 1586 by an American, Sir Walter Raleigh. As we mentioned potatoes spread in the UK in the late 18th and early 19th century and became a staple food. The potatoes originally introduced to Europe were quite knobby and unlike the smooth ovals we see today that is a result of cultivators working towards that end. The Irish, we were taught, in the 1800’s, were so enthusiastic about potatoes, and so silly, that they planted nothing but potatoes and ate a diet almost exclusively of potatoes. In 1841, Ireland's population was more than eight million. Introduction into Ireland. Sir Walter Raleigh introduced potatoes to Ireland in 1589 on the 40,000 acres of land near Cork. They are also in nearly every part of the world, from South America to Ireland. Many people had to leave Ireland in search of a better … Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. Traditional wisdom has it that Sir Walter Raleigh introduced the crop to Ireland about 1585. 1589 – Sir Walter Raleigh (1552-1618), British explorer and historian known for his expeditions to the Americas, first brought the potato to Ireland and planted them at his Irish estate at Myrtle Grove, Youghal, near Cork, Ireland. It changed Irish society forever, most strikingly by greatly reducing the population. As a result, potatoes evolved and were bred to be larger so that they could feed more people. At first scientist could not agree what caused the potatoes to rot and turn black. The potato comes from South America and would have come to Europe with returning Spanish explorers in the 1570s. Irish potatoes are named after Ireland because they are closely associated with the Irish potato famine, a historical famine caused by a mold infestation of the Irish potato … The origin of potatoes is as amazing as the potato itself. After the Famine, Ireland's slow economic progress resulted in a continued drain of talented, hard-working young people. As a result, potatoes evolved and were bred to be larger where did the potato come from ireland or south america. It is not known for certain when it came to Ireland. Throughout Europe, potatoes were regarded with suspicion, distaste and fear. Scientists have long known that it was a strain of Phytophthora infestans (or P. infestans) that caused the widespread devastation of potato crops in Ireland … By the 1800s many of the ordinary people in Ireland needed the potato to live. But it did not receive a warm welcome. Farmers found that potatoes could grow double the food in the same land. Services, Sea Dog Sir Walter Raleigh, Explorer: Facts, Route & History, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. A severe drought in Europe in 1846 helped to kill the blight completely. The Great Famine (Irish: an Gorta Mór [anˠ ˈɡɔɾˠt̪ˠə ˈmˠoːɾˠ]), also known as the Great Hunger, the Great Starvation, the Famine (mostly within Ireland), or the Irish Potato Famine (mostly outside Ireland), was a period of mass starvation and disease in Ireland from 1845 to 1852. Top Answer. Potato blight is a fungus, and its appearance on the crop is often a legacy transmitted by infected tubers which have survived from the previous season. How Trump is martyring the U.S. A Priest in Galway wrote "As to the potatoes they are all gone - clean gone. The people of Ireland became dependent on the potato as their food and livelihood. The people of Ireland became dependent on the potato as their food and livelihood. 1 decade ago. Many of the potatoes were found to have gone black and rotten and their leaves had withered. 28 July 1586: Britain is introduced to the potato. Create your account. All rights reserved. The Advancement of Learning by Francis Bacon: Summary & Analysis, Queen Elizabeth I and England's Golden Age, The Age of Discovery: Timeline & Explorers, Praxis World & U.S. History - Content Knowledge (5941): Practice & Study Guide, Michigan Merit Exam - Social Studies: Test Prep & Practice, Praxis Social Studies - Content Knowledge (5081): Study Guide & Practice, History 106: The Civil War and Reconstruction, ILTS Social Science - History (246): Test Practice and Study Guide, SAT Subject Test US History: Practice and Study Guide, SAT Subject Test World History: Practice and Study Guide, High School World History: Tutoring Solution, AP European History: Homework Help Resource, High School US History: Homework Help Resource, High School US History: Tutoring Solution, Middle School US History: Help and Review, Biological and Biomedical In the late 1800s, the modern-day russet potato was born. 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