Polonius, jealous and envious of Hamlet, cast beyond himself in his opinion (like a branch over a stream). /No, no he is dead/Go to thy death-bed/He will never come again” (4.5.187–191). Indeed, her acquiescence is somewhat difficult for a contemporary audience to understand outside of certain cultures in the world, certainly in the Western world it is incredible. What I have said to you. It’s the in-between part that’s hard to define — how does Ophelia develop from a person who confines to social (patriarchal) norms to one that rebels against those norms? Camden sees Ophelia’s madness as being complex and driven primarily by the loss of Hamlet. According to Heather Brown, Ophelia “is Polonius' pawn, Laertes' chaste sister, and Hamlet's lover. Like Hamlet, Ophelia also adopts madness to be a means to confront death and betrayal. Women are expected to obey, her obedience cost her her relationship with Hamlet. madness represents her assimilation with Hamlet, who is similarly mad. I love this question. Surely there were more “innocent” Valentine’s Day songs? This line references her father because he was an older man and because of this detail it shows that Polonius's death has taken its toll on Ophelia's … Unlike Hamlet’s madness, Ophelia’s madness is unquestionably genuine. She offers up a listless prayer, Hamlet leaves, hurling curses, and Ophelia collapses, overcome. Ophelia (/ ə ˈ f iː l i ə /) is a character in William Shakespeare's drama Hamlet.She is a young noblewoman of Denmark, the daughter of Polonius, sister of Laertes and potential wife of Prince Hamlet, who, due to Hamlet's actions, ends up in a state of madness that ultimately leads to her drowning However, Shakespeare gives us some clues as to who Ophelia is. All Rights Reserved. Ophelia is torn between two competing impulses. A presentation for British Literature I. Non-identity is another possible reason for her madness. Curiously, Ophelia’s madness can be read as something beautiful because of its vulnerability yet it is also inspiring because her madness breaks through the patriarchal refrain. OPHELIA 'Tis in my memory lock'd, And you yourself shall keep the key of it. Her madness seems to be directly linked to her femininity, which is an aspect I intend to explore in this paper. What was the unsual age for women to get married? They both have their own way of why the think it happened. The antic disposition of Hamlet and Ophelia are of great dramatic significance. Claudius, a social climber, sets his machinations against Hamlet using his daughter. What are the difference between Japanese music and Philippine music? Whether they've had sex or not, that's a lot of pressure to put on a young woman. She starts off happy with Hamlet by her side, but due to the fact that her life was under so much control by her father she lost him. We accept. that's for thoughts. Much scholarly debate has surrounded the question of whether Shakespeare was critiquing these oppressive systems or not. 2 Educator answers. Ophelia is a prime example of Shakespeare's use of a character to add the classic "Shakespeare open interpretation" for the actors and readers. This could be an allegory of male and female behavior. The significance of Ophelia’s madness is to signify her losing two of the most important men in her life, Polonius and Hamlet. What does Claudius assume caused Ophelia's madness? And the fact that the male body had no place for a womb may explain one of the most peculiar of ancient medical fallacies. Madness in Hamlet: Hamlet and Ophelia. Hamlet, on his mission, thinks only of revenge and kills Polonius thinking that he is Claudius, and once he realizes who he is, refers to him as “guts” (4.1.212) and has no remorse or regard about killing his supposed love’s father. To stay in control, the men in Hamlet taught Ophelia to fear her every day, natural thoughts causing her not to think for herself. What does Claudius assume caused Ophelia's madness? Against hamlet was his mere unkindness towards mainly everyone It’s never clear that Hamlet and Ophelia’s relationship was or wasn’t sexual, but why would Ophelia pick this song, instead of another? In her madness, Ophelia sings snatches of songs, most of which sound like popular songs of Shakespeare’s day. The significance of Ophelia's madness is to signify her losing two of the most important men in her life, Polonius and Hamlet. A Voice from America’s Black Belt: On Bakari Sellers’s “My Vanishing Country”, 8 Incredible Books You Can Finish in a Weekend (or even the better part of an afternoon), A Powerful Lesson on Feminism, Addiction, and Love, The Screenwriting Book That Changed My Life. "Reading Ophelia's Madness." Sometimes Ophelia’s body is romantically and tragically displayed, sometimes she is missing altogether. With Laertes in France and Hamlet (once her lover turned into her ex-lover) being upset with her, she unfortunately feels alone in the world, causing her to turn to death. Log in / Sign up. Hefeigns madness and acts extremely cold and harsh with Ophelia. Free-ResearchPapers.com - An Inquiry Into Ophelia's Madness An Inquiry into Ophelias Madness essays. This is established when her brother, who is close to her in age, warns her against Hamlet’s attentions, with all the arrogance an older sibling has for the younger, especially when it comes to the ways of the world. Madness In Hamlet. Comparison Between Hamlet's & Ophelia's Madness Ophelia's Madness-Example#1: Consequences When Ophelia tries to return some love token Hamlet gave her earlier, Hamlet replies by insulting Ophelia Ophelia's Madness-Example#2 Causes of Hamlet's Madness Hamlet insulting Ophelia: ORDER. Was it Hamlet’s rejection of her, or the death of her father and the abandonment of her brother? Ophelia’s suicide in Hamlet influences the play as a whole. And it's too much for Ophelia. It testifies also to Shakespeare’s understanding of theatre, leaving the decision up to the discretion of the director and actor. Ophelia. So I opted for 6DollarEssay.com website and am glad they did not disappoint me. In addition, Ophelia’s death is yet another death caused indirectly by the lust for revenge that Hamlet has, as his words spurn her into madness and into the waters of her final resting place. Gertrude politely asks Ophelia what her song means, but Ophelia urges the queen to listen as she continues singing about a man who is “dead and gone.” Ophelia continues singing on and on about a man shrouded, entombed, and covered in “sweet flowers ” even as Gertrude asks her to stop. The next time we see her on stage, depending on the production, is at her funeral. In other words, madness provides them a space for escape from the cruel reality. LAERTES : A document in madness, thoughts and remembrance fitted. Her role in the play is not clear to This short, educational video explores Ophelia's madness in William Shakespeare's play Hamlet. You clearly showed how she has lost all relationships with her brother, father and ex-lover, Hamlet. We have seen, however, that this development is complex. Some contend that Hamlet’s madness was written in for comic appeal or to add quirkiness and … Shakespeare adapts the traditions of the time, perhaps to interrogate them.” (Lenker 55). Polonius. How many grams in a cup of butternut squash? In this paper I have argued that, if we interpret the madness of Ophelia as an extended metaphor for the transition from conformity to rebellion against externally imposed norms or standards, we should view Ophelia as someone who has moved from being in shackles to someone who eventually frees herself through death. She has a speech all ready for Hamlet, at Polonius’s direction, to end their relationship and give him back his love tokens. The Madness of Ophelia One character in particular seems to fit the description of paradoxical with her own self; Ophelia. Price: $ 9.97. Hamlet has caused directly or indirectly the deaths of six people, including himself. There is hardly any background noise besides the noise she is making. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. Biological and emotional in origins, it was caused by her unrequited love and repressed sexual desire – an idea that is explored in both Edward Jorden’s treatise on hysteria, The Suffocation of the Mother (1603), and Robert Burton’s Anatomy of Melancholy (1621). The actual cause of her madness is really unclear — something the playwright most likely intended. When Polonius died (broke), Ophelia, who had once reached for the coronet of a … Horatio is sent to follower her. Madness and Insanity in Shakespeare's Hamlet - The Cause of 1 Feb 2011 29 Nov 2010 Ophelia is going mad due to 'The poison of deep grief; it springs What causes Ophelias madness, in Hamlet? Hamlet’s madness has been a point of debate for actors who have played this role. Supposedly, that choice is what caused the rift in Ophelia’s psyche and made the loss of both men, in various ways, impossible for Ophelia to bear. What is the WPS button on a wireless router? Our academic essay writers are experts at original compositions, creative writing, and literary analysis. Yet by recalling the cultural forces of the patriarchal system operating in the Elizabethan period, one may achieve a greater empathy with her. In addition, Ophelia’s death is yet another death caused indirectly by the lust for revenge that Hamlet has, as his words spurn her into madness and into the waters of her final resting place. Claudius thinks it’s because of her father’s death: “the poison of deep grief” (4.5.74). She bears Hamlet an honest love, but his brutal rejection of her affection is too much to endure. She turns his warnings about Hamlet back against him by reminding him of his own behavior, and not to lecture her while he walks the “primrose path of dalliance” (1.3.50). Through out hamlet the categories of madness, both real and faked, are used to convey what the real rational discourse cannot. The next time she is humiliated is in public, at the play-within-a-play. The quote you have used helps prove your statement that Ophelia is an obedient child. Ophelia does speak of funeral rituals using words like “White his shroud as the mountain snow” (4.5.36) “He is dead and gone, lady/he is dead and gone/at his head a grass green turf/at his heels a stone” (4.5.29–32). For example, the use of the word, country. This paper is not a definite answer to the question of Ophelia’s madness, but a look at her madness and death from a feminist perspective, and offers some exploration and possible answers. How many somas can be fatal to a 90lb person? Ophelia’s madness and suicide are the counterpoint to Hamlet’s feigned madness and accidental death. She then begins to put on makeup, like it is just another regular day in her life, although she stays silent. Really happy to use this service. She is not a complete puppet, though, or else she wouldn’t have a complex enough mind to go insane. Each betrays her.” (Hamilton 80), We watch Ophelia’s development of her self from a state of conformity to social norms to a rejection of these norms and the establishment of radical individuality. The depiction of Ophelia’s madness includes numerous allusions to her chastity, which may be an indication of one of the causes of melancholia, namely sexual deprivation. The antic disposition of Hamlet and Ophelia are of great dramatic significance. Since the song implies both the loss of her father (and his telling her what to do) and also Hamlet’s rejection, I can only conclude that the cause of her madness is rooted in both these reasons. Free features #6 in global rating. Without anyone telling her what to do, Ophelia has no identity of her own. Polonius doesn’t have even the slightest regard for Ophelia’s feelings in the matter; it’s very like setting a trap using Ophelia as the bait. For Hamlet and Ophelia, their Throughout the play, Ophelia first obeyed her father and brother’s wishes, ignored the social norms later, and then went mad, which caused her to never gain her own identity. Her assimilation allows her to revive Hamlet’s lost love for her. In Shakespeare's Hamlet, what are the causes of Ophelia's madness? Whether Ophelia killed herself, was victim of a tragic plot, or was just another tragic death may never be known. – Maggie J., University of Texas. Hamlet acts crazy out of grief over the lost of his father and his mother's hastly marriage to his uncle. The song gets more sexual, even explicit: “Quoth she, ‘Before you tumbled me/You promis’d me to wed’” (4.5.62–63). It then backed up in the body cavity, and drove the girl mad, making her psychotic, delusional and suicidal.” (Ager). Was it a combination of those reasons? 98 Customer Reviews. Discusses the dramatic significane of the 'mad' scenes in Shakespeare's play. It will eventually be her downfall, but in this one thing she doesn’t fail. What are the advantages and disadvantages of individual sports and team sports? These analyses both speak on Aphelion’s madness and what may have caused it, but they do it in different ways with different sides of the play.Each analysis is true in it’s own way, but they do not compliment each other, nor do they have the same side of information. It is true that much of the play has revolved around her relationships with men and the physical and metaphorical positioning of her body, much of what defined his rebellion to external standards. Laertes listens to Ophelia’s troubling songs, noting that her madness says more about the depths of her grief than sane words ever could. Gertrude and the King approve of Ophelia and the Queen herself thinks Ophelia at least capable of getting Hamlet out of his funk and seeing reason: “I hope your virtues will bring Hamlet to his wonted ways again” (3.1.39–41). As a minor personage of the tragedy, she has not received the careful analysis - accorded Hamlet, Gertrude, or Claudius, or even Laertes, Horatio, or Polonius. William Shakespeare's Hamlet follows the young prince Hamlet home to Denmark to attend his father's funeral. Her madness is a major factor; it resulted from various griefs and stressors caused by men that influenced her and Hamlet’s rejection of her. Poses questions concerning the motiviation for Ophelia's madness and her role within the play. Ophelia and Madness. Ophelia's Madness #1 Analysis of Themes and Imagery Themes Summary of act IV scene V lines 16-94 Imagery Theme of frailty of women Revenge Identification and discussion of key lines Ophelia is the victim of many uninvited events. Hamlet asks her if she is honest-chaste, in other words-a word that he is obsessed with in his psychotic focus over his mother. On the stage, Ophelia was costumed in virginal white to contrast with Hamlet's scholarly black, and in her mad scene she entered … we believe the most prominent factor regarding Ophelia's madness is because of her Father's (Polonius) death. While one may argue that Ophelia ends up conforming to externally imposed standards by her suicide, I have argued that this evidence is best construed as Ophelia’s ability to act in terms of a sense of control she took for herself, free only in death. Hamlet. Ophelia enters, singing a song about love. My personal writer not only picked exactly Cause Of Ophelias Madness Essay the right topic for my Master’s thesis, but she did the research and wrote it in less than two weeks. I agree with your reasoning behind Opehlia’s madness and death as she has nobody to turn to for her own conflicts in life. Madness and Insanity in Shakespeare's Hamlet - The Cause of 1 Feb 2011 29 Nov 2010 Ophelia is going mad due to 'The poison of deep grief; it springs What causes Ophelias madness, in Hamlet? Not only does he push her to the point of collapse in their previous scene, but also he pushes the issue again here. Ophelia’s madness is driven by the loss of the male influences in her life. OPHELIA : There's rosemary, that's for remembrance; pray, love, remember: and there is pansies. Also how does Hamlet's feigned madness affect Ophelia? It eventually caused Hamlet to distrust her. Madness in Hamlet: Hamlet and Ophelia. Since it was an item lacking in the male body, the male-dominated medical establishment was never quite able to bring it into the “norm” of human anatomy; for them, females were always alien and the “other”. �Perhaps the biggest cause of Ophelia�s madness was the death of her father.� The news of Polonius� death was just enough to throw her over the edge of insanity.� What�s worse, she finds out that her dearest father was murdered by the one she loves, Hamlet.� Ophelia now goes completely mad and has lost all control over her mind. There are many different causes for her death, an important one being madness. They both have their own way of why the think it happened. She seems to be the only person who as access to the world outside the castle — not politically, but with the natural world, as she has some knowledge of the meanings of plants and flowers. “When he mockingly asks, ‘Do you think that I meant country matters?’, ‘I think nothing’ is a flat-toned capitulation of her thinking self.”(Rutter 35) She tries to defend herself here, or deflect his words, saying she thinks nothing, perhaps hiding in her non-identity, perhaps going a little insane. “To-morrow is Saint Valentine’s Day/All in the morning betime/And I maid at your window/To be your Valentine” (4.5.48–51). Ophelia s madness progresses throughout the play as she comes across more and more unfortunate incidents. It is almost as though the natural order has been disturbed by the death of King Hamlet and Ofelia is a casualty in the war to get the state of Denmark to not be quite so rotten… he wants to kill him because of his father's death and the crowd wants laertes to become the king instead. This is a clip from the 1990 film of “Hamlet.” Helena Bonham Carter plays Ophelia. Once these male influences are removed and these descriptions no longer define Ophelia, she loses her … These two different interpretations demonstrate the ambiguity and flexibility of Ophelia’s madness. 16:00. The Greek word for it was hysteria (from which we derive the word “uterus”). Random craziness can be quite boring, but Ophelia, though she is indeed crazy, must think that she is delivering some sort of message to the Queen. With our cheap essay Cause Of Ophelias Madness Essay writing service, you The point where Ophelia seems to start to unravel is the scene of Hamlet’s repudiation of her. What message does the messenger bring regarding Laertes? These analyses both speak on Aphelion’s madness and what may have caused it, but they do it in different ways with different sides of the play.Each analysis is true in it’s own way, but they do not compliment each other, nor do they have the same side of information. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Nevertheless there is a mystery about her mental condition. Free-ResearchPapers.com - An Inquiry Into Ophelia's Madness An Inquiry into Ophelias Madness essays. And, by the way, you’re a slut. Hamlet has caused directly or indirectly the deaths of six people, including himself. However, the symbolism of Queen Gertrude’s monologue announcement concerning the tragically departed Ophelia, and Ophelia’s own madness that ended with her death is worthy of analysis. This is one example of the rules he imposes on her. Cause Of Ophelias Madness Essay, argumentative essay topics on music history, black death thesis statement, what do you do before you provideany quotes into your essay. he wants to kill him because of his father's death and the crowd wants laertes to become the king instead. Therefore, Ophelia's madness is a true madness which she was driven to by unfortunate circumstances while Hamlet's madness may just be an act that he chooses to put on as he plans to kill Claudius. Afraid that your Cause Of Ophelias Madness Essay admission essay is not impressive enough? She has found her true love and feels love and respect for her father and brother. Her fairytale ends abruptly after a chain of events unfold that destroys her emotionally and drives her to insanity. I do not know, my lord, what I should think. In the article “On Ophelia’s Madness,” Caroll Camden talks about the reasoning behind the mysterious shift in the mentality of Ophelia which eventually leads to death. 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