A Short Biography of Francis Drake. His Cadiz pre-emptive strike delayed the Spanish invasion by a year. In 1588 Drake was appointed vice admiral of the English Navy, under Lord Charles Howard. Sir Francis Drake and the Famous Voyage, 1577-1580: Essays Commemorating the Quadricentennial of Drakes Circumnavigation of the Earth (Contributions ... for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 11) by Los Angeles Center for Medieval and renaissa University of California, Sir Francis Drake Commission, et … Admiral Sir Francis Drake was the most famous English privateer and navigator of the Elizabethan era. When and Where was he Born? (The first person, Magellan, died while on the trip) Although a man in historical fact, Drake appears as a woman in this work. He was the first to study the effects of human selective mating. He set sail abroad the ship Pelican, along with four other small ships and a crew of 168 men. He played a major role in the destruction and defeat of the mighty Spanish Armada. Due to weather and the presence of enemy forces, Medina Sidonia was forced to take the armada north around Scotland and back to Spain. Among his men were John Winter, commander of one of the vessels, and officer Thomas Doughty. There has been conjecture that Drake in fact reached the Oregon coast or even as far north as British Columbia and Alaska. A reference to Sir Francis Drake High School, removed on Thursday, ... argued that Drake had abandoned the slave trade early in life and redeemed himself with many accomplishments … His biography is available in 107 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 104 in 2019). This included his incursion into the Pacific Ocean, until then an area of exclusive Spanish interest, and his claim to New Albion for England, an area in what is now the American state of California. He was a skilled privateer, sea captain and slaver. Sir Francis Drake most certainly left a legacy - revered sailor, slave trader, privateer or pirate, politician and the first Englishman to circumnavigate the world. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Mayor of Plymouth In the same year, 1581, Drake was made mayor of Plymouth, an office he fulfilled with the same thoroughness that he had shown in all other matters. Francis ... Francis Drake passed away in 1687 at New Jersey at 72 years of age. They returned to Plymouth in 1573. He is a celebrity explorer. English explorer Martin Frobisher is best known for his attempts to discover a Northwest Passage and his voyages to Labrador and Frobisher Bay in Canada. Young Drake received some education; he learned the rudiments of navigation … It was during this expedition, in 1573, that Francis Drake climbed a high tree in the mountains of Panama to become the first Englishman to see the Pacific Ocean, which was barred to all but Spanish ships. Family Background: Francis Drake was the son of a Tenant Farmer and Protestant Preacher on the Crowndale Estate of Lord Francis Russell, Second Earl of Bedford. His Latin name was Franciscus Draco, and in the English language “Drake” is an outdated form of the word “dragon”. He was buried in a lead coffin at sea near Portobelo. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found at Biography - Sir Francis Drake. Francis Drake Family, Childhood, Life Achievements, Facts, Wiki and Bio of 2017. Sir Francis Drake: Biography &… Sir Francis Drake Francis Drake was an experienced and daring seafarer. Twice named prime minister of Great Britain, he helped to defeat Nazi Germany in World War II. Vital facts & highlights of Francis's life to share with the world. Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Francis Drake has received more than 4,971,864 page views. Most commonly known name. His nationality is English. English admiral Sir Francis Drake circumnavigated the globe from 1577-1580, helped defeat the Spanish Armada of 1588 and was the most renowned seaman of the Elizabethan era. English philosopher Francis Bacon would come to refer to this act as "singeing the king of Spain’s beard.". However, only Pelican, renamed Golden Hind mid-voyage, was able to complete the expedition. 10 Major Accomplishments of Sir Francis Drake. From the 17th century, Drake’s landing site had been identified as Drakes Bay on the coast of northern California in the United States. During his circumnavigation of the globe, Francis Drake landed on the western coast of North America and claimed the area for the Queen of England, naming it New Albion. Sir Francis Drake Early life. They became best sellers. The following year, Sir Francis Drake launched a pre-emptive strike on the Spanish mainland at the port of Cadiz. Francis Galton was an English explorer and anthropologist best known for his research in eugenics and human intelligence. By late afternoon, the English pulled back. All Rights Reserved. Francis Crick is credited with co-discovering, along with James Watson, the double-helix structure of the DNA strand. Several societies celebrate and research Drake’s landing in California including the Sir Francis Drake Society and the Drake Navigators Guild. Francis Drake was born in Tavistock, Devon in around 1540 and went to sea at an early age. Born: c. 1541 Tavistock, England Died: January 28, 1596 Puerto Bello, Honduras English navigator and ship captain The English navigator Sir Francis Drake was the first of his countrymen to sail around the world. Biography of Francis Drake. Like many of his contemporaries, no birth records exist for Drake. Francis Drake was chosen by Queen Elizabeth I of England in 1577 to command a voyage around the world. For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Sir Francis Drake webquest print page. Francis Drake Biography ; Francis Drake Biography. He was appointed by Queen Elizabeth I to lead the search for new trade routes. The expedition instead sustained major losses in terms of lives and resources. Sir Francis Drake most certainly left a legacy - revered sailor, slave trader, privateer or pirate, politician and the first Englishman to circumnavigate the world. They did little damage, but the ensuing panic caused some of the Spanish captains to cut anchor and scatter. He also served as an officer aboard a West African slave vessel. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was an Irish-born British explorer who was a principal figure of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you accept their use. Sir Francis Drake was the Vice-Admiral of the English fleet during the 1588 attack of the Spanish Armada, a massive fleet consisting of around 130 ships, 8,000 sailors and 18,000 soldiers. Edmund was a farmer on the estate of Lord Francis Russell, the second earl of Bedford. She was married to David Brown and Lt. Cecil John Arthur Howard. Biography: Where did Francis Drake grow up? Complete Francis Drake 2017 Biography. His most famous capture was the Spanish ship Nuestra Señora de la Concepción, nicknamed Cacafuego (“fireshitter”). Drake began his journey on 13th December 1577 from Plymouth, Devon. These two books retold Drake's story for a new generation and kept his legend alive. Vice Admiral Sir Francis Drake (c. 1540 – 28 Januar, 1596) wis an Inglis privateer, navigator, naval pioneer, pirate, politeecian, an ceevil ingineer o the Elizabethan period.He wis the first Inglisman (an the first chiel on oniething ither than a Spaingie ship) ti gang aw the wey aboot the globe, atween 1577 an 1580.He wis knichtit on his return bi Queen Elizabeth I o Ingland. The incident instilled in Drake a deep hatred of the Spanish crown. They then sailed to New Spain to sell their captives to settlers, an action that was against Spanish law. With a small fleet, Drake and his cousin, John Hawkins, sailed to Africa and worked illegally as slave traders. Parun Pereira Aug 27, 2020 . The Spaniards took all of their sea vessels, though they allowed Drake and Hawkins to escape with their lives. They stayed in the area for a time, and after Drake’s wounds healed, they raided several Spanish settlements, picking up much gold and silver. In Spain, he was famously referred to as the “El Draque” and “Franciscus Draco” which figuratively mean “Francis the Dragon.” Early Years Drake Frances Drake was born on October 22, 1912 in New York City, New York, USA as Frances Dean. This would later lead to many trading ventures of Britain in the Far East. Explorer . As the fleet sailed away from the Scottish coast, a strong gale drove many ships onto the Irish rocks. Sir Francis Drake (c. 1540 – 28 January 1596) was an English sea captain, privateer, naval officer, slaver, and explorer.Drake is best known for his circumnavigation of the world in a single expedition, from 1577 to 1580. Francis Drake was born in Tavistock, England on July 13, 1540.Sea captain and slaver who commanded the English fleet against the Spanish Armada under Queen Elizabeth I in 1588. Explorer . Francis Drake Biography, Life, Interesting Facts Francis Drakewas an English sea merchant, pirate, and politician. Gender. Francis Drake, the eldest son of a yeoman farmer, was born near Tavistock, Devonshire. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! On 24 May 1572, Francis Drake embarked on his first major expedition with aim to capture the important Spanish port of Nombre de Dios in Panama. DRAKE, Sir FRANCIS, English navigator, probably the first European to sight the west coast of Canada; b. near Tavistock, Devonshire c. 1540; d. 28 Jan. 1595/96 on board his ship off Portobelo, Panama. On June 17, 1579, Drake landed somewhere north of Spain's northern-most claim at Point Loma. After the defeat at Nombre de Dios, Drake's fleet moved farther west and anchored off the coast of Portobelo, Panama. He commanded a crew of 73 men in two small vessels, the Pascha and the Swan. Sir Francis Drake was the most renowned seaman of the Elizabethan Age. Sir Francis Drake’s adventurous life was filled with many accomplishments. Francis Drake was an illustrious English naval officer, sea captain, slave trader, explorer, and privateer. In 1595, an aging Sir Francis Drake set off on a final voyage to prowl the West Indies. In this lively and engaging new biography, Harry Kelsey shatters the familiar image of Sir Francis Drake. With the success of the Panama expedition, Queen Elizabeth I sent Drake out against the Spanish along the Pacific coast of South America in late 1577. 1592/93. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found at Biography - Sir Francis Drake. Sir Francis Drake (c. 1540 – 28 January 1596) was an English sea captain, privateer, naval officer, slaver, and explorer. That year Drake embarked on his first independent voyage to Panama from Plymouth, England. She was an actress, known for Mad Love (1935), The Invisible Ray (1936) and Les Misérables (1935). The first Englishman to sail around the world and see the Pacific, Francis Drake sailed in some of the earliest of English voyages, buying slaves in Africa. He also holds the feat of being the first to complete the voyage while leading the expedition throughout the circumnavigation. His father fled his native county after being charged with assault and robbery. He also served as an officer aboard a West African slave vessel. Back to History for Kids In 1584 and 1585, he served as a Member of the House of Commons representing Bossiney, a village in north Cornwall, England. They surrendered without much resistance. In 1585, during the Anglo-Spanish War, Francis Drake was ordered by Queen Elizabeth I to lead an expedition to attack the Spanish colonies. Winston Churchill was a British military leader and statesman. His voyages into sea started when he was 18 and he was one of the first slave traders. Born … The Life and Accomplishments of Sir Francis Drake The British Empire was a World dominant force throughout the 17th, 18th, and 19th century, but if it wasn’t for the naval defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, the British might have never settled what would be the United States. Know more about the career of Sir Francis Drake through his 10 major accomplishments and achievements. His maiden novella “Teicos” is a thoughtful depiction of the development of society and is awaiting publication. At the time, the Spaniards had no idea that failing to kill Drake w… One of them was he was considered the first Englishman to see the Pacific Ocean. Francis Drake was born on July 13, 1540 (age 56) in the Tavistock, England. He made his first sea voyage to … Sir Francis Drake was a British Explorer, a slave-trader, a pirate, and later the mayor of Plymouth. Sir Francis was thus the first commander to lead an entire circumnavigation. Francis Drake was a privateer, basically a pirate authorized by the government to plunder ... #2 Francis Drake is considered the first Englishman to … From 1577 to 1580, he travelled around the world in a single expedition. His voyages, especially his circumnavigation of the earth, increased British interest in the Pacific Ocean. Francis Drake was an illustrious English naval officer, sea captain, slave trader, explorer, and privateer. During his acting career, Graham has received five Young Artist Award nominations for playing the role of Jimmy Brooks in Degrassi: The Next Generation, winning Best Ensemble in a TV Series (Comedy or Drama) in the 2002 Young Artist Awards with the rest of the Degrassi cast. But the province being settled entirely as a trading interest, all laws were disregarded and a permanent residence there by peaceful citizens became unendurable. 10 Major Accomplishments of Martin Luther King Jr. 10 Major Accomplishments of Abraham Lincoln, 10 Major Accomplishments of Julius Caesar, 10 Major Accomplishments of John F. Kennedy, 10 Major Inventions of the Industrial Revolution, 10 Major Accomplishments of Thomas Jefferson, Roy Lichtenstein | 10 Interesting Facts About The Pop Artist, 10 Major Events of the French Revolution and their Dates, 10 Major Battles of the American Civil War, 10 Major Achievements of Ashoka the Great, 10 Major Accomplishments of Michelle Obama, 10 Major Accomplishments of Albert Einstein, 10 Major Accomplishments of Benjamin Franklin, 10 Major Causes of the American Revolution, 10 Major Battles of the American Revolutionary War, 10 Major Leaders of the American Revolution, 10 Interesting People From The American Revolution, 10 Major Events of the American Revolution, 15 Degrees Off Your Heart | Short Stories With Twist Endings, Happiness Decoded | Crucify Negativity to stay in a Good Mood. Drake later mockingly referred to the incident as “singeing the king of Spain’s beard”. Sir Francis Drake was an English explorer involved in piracy and illicit slave trading who became the second person ever to circumnavigate the globe. He was put in command of twenty one ships with 1,800 soldiers. His father was a farmer who later became a preacher for the navy. After a brief and possibly illegal trial, Doughty was convicted and beheaded. #1 He famously captured the treasure vessel Cacafuego. He was imprisoned in the Tower of London and eventually put to death for treason. He carried out the loot in March 1579. 1540-43, Devon, England. Francis Drake was born sometime between 1540 and 1544 in Tavistock, England. A more than able captain, skilled navigator, and a fierce politician. Drake returned home, and for the next several years busied himself with duties as mayor of Plymouth. FRANCIS DRAKE, who was the founder of the family in New Jersey, was a petitioner in 1665 at Dover, N.H., for protection to his property and religious rights. Drake’s adventures made him a timeless hero among many Englishmen. New Albion was one of the earliest English territorial claims in the New World. His father later became a Calvinist lay preacher and raised his children as staunch Protestants. And, he was the first English man to circumnavigate the globe. Drake taught himself navigation as the navigator of a small merchant vessel early in his career. Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Francis Drake has received more than 4,971,864 page views. Divers continue to search for the coffin. The two escaped on their respective ships while scores of their men were killed. English admiral Sir Francis Drake circumnavigated the globe from 1577-1580, helped defeat the Spanish Armada of 1588 and was the most renowned seaman of … Sir Francis Drake was an Elizabethan seaman famous for his exploits against the Spanish Armada. Drake presents Queen Elizabeth with manuscript with text the basis of which was later published as "Sir Francis Drake Revived." Accomplishments Sir Francis Drake Sir Francis Drake being knighted by Queen Elizabeth 1. In 1595, Queen Elizabeth I called upon Drake and his cousin, John Hawkins, to capture Spain's treasure supply in Panama, in hopes of cutting off revenue and ending the Anglo-Spanish War. Francis Drake . It is said that he left behind many of his men as a small colony, but his planne… As a privateer, he was successful in capturing numerous Spanish vessels. Male . Rare Book and Special Collections Division. On July 21, 130 ships of the Spanish Armada entered the English Channel in a crescent formation. Sir Francis Drake. His daring adventures at sea helped to establish England's naval supremacy over Spain and … In 1589, Queen Elizabeth I ordered Drake to seek out and destroy any remaining ships of the armada and help Portuguese rebels in Lisbon fight against Spanish occupiers. This expedition is known as Francis Drake’s Great Expedition though it is not considered to be highly successful by many historians. She also clandestinely assigned him the task of exploring the Northwestern coast of North America, seeking a Northwest passage. In 1581 and 1582, Sir Francis Drake served as the mayor of Plymouth, a city on the south coast of Devon, England. Frances Drake, Actress: Mad Love. Though his exploits made him an infamous pirate in Spain, Sir Francis Drake was a national hero who inspired numerous legends, and works in popular culture. In this lively and engaging new biography, Harry Kelsey shatters the familiar image of Sir Francis Drake. 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