All potato breeding selections undergo a strenuous evaluation process before being released as varieties. The Red Thumb is a late-season type of fingerling potatoes known for its resistance to disease, uniform size, and ease of storage. New potatoes tend to have a “waxy” texture, meaning they’re low in starch, high in water and hold together well. With an oddly-colored skin that is a woody brown color, this type of … Each of these varieties fit into one of seven potato type categories: russet, red, white, yellow, blue/purple, fingerling and petite. Starchier than new potatoes, they make tasty mashes and, unlike Idahos, they’re great for boiling, steaming, and adding to soups. Sources: GrillAChef.com, MarthaStewart.com, TheCook’sThesaurus.com. Brown Horse Sweet Potatoes. Learn more about the characteristics and cooking recommendations for each type of potato below. Good disease resistance. 'Rudolph' with a red skin and white flesh. This database provides data on GB-certified potato varieties that have undergone independent resistance testing for key pests and diseases. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. 'Salad Blue' an unusual maincrop potato with dark purple/blue skin with violet flesh. We recommend our users to update the browser. Indeterminate potatoes produce more tubers than determinate potatoes, but need a longer growing season. This handy guide will help you choose the right potato every time. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. For the most recent information on potato varieties from the Tri-State breeding program, visit the Potato Variety Management Institute (PVMI). Oregon Potato Variety Database: interactive database for most advanced western U.S. selections. This variety tends to be slightly less rich in flavor than some of the others, but their unusual color lends dishes an exotic appeal. Color: Dark yellow or tan skin, pale yellow flesh, Use: Ideal for boiling, roasting, steaming; good for salads. Jewel Yam. The Austrian Crescent, also called Kipfel, is a medium-maturing potato variety with a smooth, waxy texture. It is characterized by a sweet and nutty flavor. Mark Diacono runs through his go-to list of British potato varieties to grow — and explains how to help them avoid the dreaded potato blight. It is a flavorful potato characterized by a meaty flesh. Arran Pilot - First Early. Popular Potato Varieties Russet (Starchy) Russets (Burbank) or also known as Idaho potatoes are oblong and large in size, have a rough brown skin and mealy flesh. Famous for their yellow hue and rich flavor, Yukon golds are in many ways the best of both worlds. Although undermined for its high carb content, a potato is pretty nutritious. A small- to medium-sized potato, the French Fingerling naturally grows short and narrow. Your email address will not be published. (Marshalls) 'Harmony' large crop of round potatoes that can be used boiled, mashed or backed. This testing is undertaken through UK National List testing and the AHDB Potatoes-funded Independent Variety Trials (IVT) programme. This quality allows them to easily absorb milk and melted butter, making them the perfect potato for baking, mashing, and making gnocchi. These good all-rounders have a moderate starch content and are not too floury, not too waxy. Larger in size and thicker skinned than new potatoes, russets have a “flaky” texture thanks to their high starch and low moisture content. Some potatoes are better for certain recipes than others, but if you are looking for an all-purpose potato, try growing some of the white potato varieties. It has a firm, dry, and fine texture and is rich in Vitamin C and amylopectin starch. Yellow Potatoes - Yellow potatoes have thin gold skin and yellow flesh. It is commonly found in both local stores and specialty markets. From Johnny's Selected Seeds. Read on to find out which potatoes fit into these three basic categories. This list of sweet potato cultivars provides some information about varieties and cultivars of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas).Sweet potato was first domesticated in the Americas more than 5,000 years ago. For this reason, even mature waxy potatoes are often referred to as “new.” Their thin skins make new potatoes excellent for eating unpeeled, and they’re best boiled or roasted and in soups and salads. Potatoes are usually harvested in the fall or early winter, and then ‘cured’ underground for several weeks to increase their shelf life. 19, 2019 This handy guide will help you choose the right potato every time. Recognizable by their thin, finger-like shape, fingerlings are basically an elongated variety of new potatoes. Also known as Blue Marker, River John Blue, Fenton Blue, and many other names, the All Blue potato is an heirloom variety believed to have discovered over 100 years ago. It is a medium-sized potato variety that originated in North America during the 1970s. As a winter potato, or for extensive cultivation for market, it is one of the best of all potato varieties; and commends itself to the farmer, both as respects quality and yield, as being greatly superior to the Peach-blow, Pink-eye, Vermont White, and many similar varieties, which so abound in city markets. Potato, a tuberous root vegetable of the nightshade plant Solanum tuberosum, is one of the most popular food crops in the world after maize, wheat, and rice. Shape: Round or oblong, slightly flattened, Use: Best roasted; also whizzed into soup. Use this potato varieties chart to quickly compare culinary use, storage potential, color, and shape of our potato varieties. The process can take as many as 15 years and involves hundreds of tests. It was first grown by Jean Pierre Clot, a French farmer, in the Swiss Alps. First produced in the 1870s, these potatoes became famous for their use in French fries and they now constitute approximately 70% of the total potato sales in the US. New varieties are constantly being developed, so every growing season offers the opportunity to try a different type of disease-resistant potato. If all this doesn’t encourage you to include more red potato varieties into your diet, consider this. Color: Reddish or purplish skin, creamy white flesh. As a starchy white potato, the Russets turn dry and mealy when baked and they contain high amounts of amylose. Compared to russets, white potatoes, such as Onaway and Elba have smoother, thinner and lighter-colored... Waxy Potatoes… Here in the US, we classify potatoes as one of these seven types: Russet Potatoes - Russets are large potatoes with rough brown skin and pale flesh. It has a smooth, moist texture, along with a sweet and nutty flavor. Because of its endless culinary applications, potato has become one of the highest consumed vegetables in the US. It does not belong to the true yam family, but is a type of sweet potato and a member of the morning glory family of plants and trees. That being said, you'll have by far the best success when you think carefully about your needs and select varieties for your climate and situation, because each variety has unique qualities that make it well-suited to a certain place or purpose. In my opinion, are the best for mashing, baking, and frying. It is a type of French heirloom fingerling characterized by a high fat content and buttery, hazelnut flavor. It is a common red-skinned variety with high sugar content and moist, translucent flesh that turns gummy when mashed. The site retains many of the features that users of the previous site will be familiar with, including all the botanical and disease data provided by institutes throughout Europe. It does not belong to the true yam family, but is a type of sweet potato and a member of … The following article contains information on the numerous types of potatoes that are white. Varieties which tend to be waxy are most early, new season potatoes; Nadine, Draga, Frisia, Jersey Bennie, Red King Edward, Highlander, Osprey, Tiffany, Annabelle, Gourmandine and Marilyn. Like Yukon golds, these purple or blue-fleshed spuds have a medium starch content, making them equally delicious mashed, roasted, or in salads. We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer), Do Not Sell My Personal Information – CA Residents. The Purple Majesty, known for its rich flavor and blue skin, is a medium-sized all-purpose potato variety that has plenty of antioxidants. Color: Dark purple skin, succulent light purple flesh, Use: Ideally baked, roasted, or mixed in soups and salads. How many Different Varieties of Potatoes are there, 8 Different Types of Kale for Salads, Soups, and More, 15 Different Types of Tomatoes for Snacking, Cooking, and More, Barberry – Types, Medicinal Uses, Nutrition Benefits and Side Effects, Cassia Oil – Composition, Ingredients, Uses, Benefits and Production, Fiddleheads – Types, Nutritional Benefits, Uses, Recipes and Side Effects, Lupins (Lupinus) – Uses, Benefits, Nutritional Value, Growing and Care, Goldenseal Herb – Root, Benefits, Usage and Side Effects, 10 of the Best Triple Sec Drinks with Recipes. When picking a determinate potato to grow, the most popular types are: Caribe Norland Russet Norkotah Red Norland Ratte Potatoes Chieftain Yukon Gold Sierra Rose Sierra Gold Gold Rush Adirondack Blue Adirondack Red It belongs to the heirloom variety and should not be confused with the new potatoes. A reliable old favourite that remains as popular as ever! Shape: Oblong, cylindrical, with rounded or tapered ends. These young potatoes are called new potatoes, and are usually sold at the farmers’ market. Required fields are marked *. It is one of the most common sweet potatoes available in the market. Some are mid-season (70 to 90 days) varieties, but most are late varieties (90 to 110 days, even 135 days). Once you know which type of potato you need for your particular dish, you can be as creative as you'd like when choosing varieties at the market. These can be used for mashed potatoes, as well. Color: Pale yellow or khaki skin, with light brown spots, yellow flesh, Use: Best for frying, steaming, roasting, grilling, or sautéing. Discovered in the 1960s, the Yukon Gold is a large cultivar that can be distinguished by its smooth skin containing shallow eyes. Color: Red skin, yellow/off-white/white flesh, Use: Best for roasting, boiling, and using in soups, salads, or stews. Potatoes 101: A Guide to the Most Common Varieties Reader's Digest Editors Updated: Jul. Not all late varieties are adapted to short-season climates. Color: Dark blue skin, blue flesh with a white ring, Use: Best baked, roasted, and steamed for salads. Potatoes are versatile for a wide variety of culinary uses, make a great storage crop and are generally simple to grow. These kinds of all-purpose tubers are good for use in most recipes. It is a popular variety of Satsuma-imo or sweet potato that is rich in minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants. Fingerlings’ waxy texture makes them ideal for roasting, puréeing, or using in salads with or without the skin. Colorado Variety Profiles: Norkotah clones 3 and 8, Cherry Red, Legend. https://www.marthastewart.com/1539281/potato-guide-starchy-waxy-all-purpose Understanding clone designations Potatoes at WSU , PO Box 646414, Washington State University, Pullman WA 99164-6414, 509-335-9502 Early (new) varieties of potato can be harvested earlier compared to maincrop potato varieties. Shape: Slender, cylindrical, with rounded ends. Known for its great flavor, the Red Norland is an early-maturing variety of Norland potatoes that was first produced in Nebraska during the 1960s. It consists of about 70% of the required daily amount of Vitamin C, high quantities of Vitamin B1, Vitamin B3, and Vitamin B6, and has higher potassium content than a banana. Characterized by a firm texture, the Russian Banana is a popular small-sized potato variety that has a rich taste similar to a fingerling potato. These factors play a role in placing potatoes in starchy (mealy), waxy, and all-purpose categories. The list below shows that there is more to it than the common Russets. (Marshalls) 'Markies' a good all round potato with good disease resistance. There are roughly 4,000 different varieties of potatoes, which include some common types, each of them having specific culinary or agricultural attributes. Color: Light gold skin, light yellow flesh. This traditional, first … There are more than 200 varieties of potatoes sold throughout the United States. Japanese Sweet Potato (starchy) This variety has a pink to purple skin with white flesh. Technically, any potato picked before the height of maturity—generally in the spring or early summer—is a new potato. Blight, specifically, can also be avoided by growing varieties that are typically harvested before the hot and humid weather of late summer increases the risk of blight. Its flavor is … For a few years now, most of the potatoes I’ve grown have been nutty, early, French salad potatoes. Good for roasting and baking. Welcome to the European Cultivated Potato Database Welcome to the newly refreshed site for the European Cultivated Potato Database (ECPD). Red Gold. 'Early Rose' (Solanum tuberosum 'Early Rose') Introduced commercially in 1861, 'Early Rose' is one of … Potato Varieties (Michigan): the MSU breeding program website. The following varieties are indeterminate, at least to a certain degree: Color: Rough, semi-thick, pale orange or brownish skin, orange flesh. © 2021 (Only Foods). All rights reserved. However, any of the abovementioned potato varieties can be collected in the spring while they are small, young, and waxy. Characterized by their rough brown skin and white flesh, varieties such as Butte fall into the dry/mealy end of... White Potatoes This handy guide will help you choose the right potato every time. Which is best for mashing or roasting? If you’re looking for a unique-tasting tater, look no further. First early seed potatoes take around 80 days after planting to mature and should be ready to start harvesting in mid June 2017 in average areas of the UK. Red potato varieties are also a good source of vitamin B6; are fat, sodium and cholesterol free; and (this was a shocker) are an excellent source of potassium – even more than a banana! Get the latest recipes and tips delivered right to your inbox. Use: Ideally boiled, roasted, baked, or gently mashed. Russets What’s the difference between a Yukon gold and a new red? It is an ideal choice for making chips because it retains its moisture and firmness after cooking. • Russet potatoes —also called old potatoes, baking potatoes, or Idaho potatoes (if they were grown … To help determine which potatoes to use for various culinary applications, they are often categorized based on their contents (starch compounds and solid-to-water ratio) and texture. Pictured below are potato varieties created in Aberdeen by our breeders. We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer) as we strive to provide site experiences for browsers that support new web standards and security practices. As of 2013, there are approximately 7,000 sweet potato cultivars. Varieties of potatoes that have medium levels of starch, sugar, and moisture are all-purpose potato types. Varieties Available by State. ‘Red Gold’ ‘Red Gold’ offers a … Potato Variety Descriptions (NDSU):- North Dakota varieties released. White Potatoes - White potatoes have thin … There are three key types of potatoes, first early, second early and maincrop. Your email address will not be published. * Some potatoes can be used for most end uses. Use: Ideally baked; can be fried and mashed. Also called the Sweet Hannah or Yellow Hannah, this variety of sweet potato is similar to Jewel Yam but its skin and flesh are lighter in color. Potato cultivars such as Yukon Gold and Marcy hold their shape well and have a fluffy texture when cooked. 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